Putin made a clear statement in regard to no over flying of the de-escalation zones
"If there is a de-escalation zone, then planes will not fly there on condition that no military activity emanates from these zones," said the Russian leader”
|image accompanying National article|
A "no fly zone" generally allows certain protected parties to make ground attacks, as desired, knowing that full protection is granted under the "no fly" enforcement. Covered in this post: Safe Zones an Inducement to Increase Human Misery
At best this de-confliction deal seems to be an attempt to freeze the conflict in Syria.
Which does not suggest there will be no hostilities. "Just Security"
"Many news outlets are reporting that Russia, Turkey and Iran have agreed to create so-called “safe zones” in Syria as part of the ceasefire talks taking place in Astana, Kazakhstan. However, the details of the agreement they signed Thursday reveal a different picture.
The memorandum lays the foundation to create de-escalation areas in Idlib and parts of neighboring Latakia, Hama and Aleppo, in northern parts of Homs, in eastern Ghouta (Rif Dimashq governorate), and in Deraa and Al-Quneitra (see here for a map). Within these areas, hostilities will cease between the government of Syria and armed opposition groups that have joined the ceasefire. Along the borders of these areas, “security zones” composed of observation posts and checkpoints will be set up to prevent military confrontations between these parties, to ensure the movement of unarmed civilians and the delivery of humanitarian assistance, and to facilitate economic activities. The armed forces of Russia, Turkey, and Iran are meant to ensure the functioning and administration of these security zones (it is unclear if this entails placing their own troops on the ground). Maps of de-escalation areas and security zones are expected to be completed by June 4"
The Memorandum as shown below
This agreement had dissenters, of course. Which opens the door to alternatives
Feel free to read the rest of the article at the highlighted "Just Security" link above!
Concluding paragraph as follows:
"The parties to the memorandum are determined to “decrease the level of military tensions and to provide for the security of civilians.” They – and all parties to the conflict in Syria – must pursue this goal in full compliance with their IHL obligations, both within and outside these new de-escalation areas"
From earlier today: